Allowing Both Parents to Raise Their Kids
Most countries believe that it's in the child's best interest to have access to both parents. This is done through:
- Physical custody
- Legal custody
- Visitation rights
- Parental rights
Divorce is common nowadays and with it comes child custody issues. There's two types of custody: legal and physical. Physical custody is whose home the child lives in and legal custody is who makes decisions about the child's well-being.
Some type of joint or shared custody is often preferred over sole custody. For example, a mother may get sole (or primary) physical custody over her child, but they share legal custody. In the case of schooling, travel, medical decisions, etc, both parents must sign off.
Just because one parent has sole physical custody does not mean that they other parent doesn't get visitation rights. There are three types of visitation rights: no visitation, supervised visitation, and visitation.
Once a mother's and father's name is written on the child's birth cert, they get parental rights. In some cases, when parental rights are terminated, the names can be erased from the birth certificate. Laws vary state by state and country by country.
Terminating parental rights is a major affair and can take years. It is not something to be taken lightly and is considered to be a last resort. There has to be a solid reason for terminating parental rights, ex. one (or both) of the parents is in prison due to committing a serious crime, is a sex offender, is mentally unstable, one (or both) of the parents has abandoned the child and has not had contact for years, one (or both) of the parents is a drug abuser or alcoholic, one (or both) of the parents is a threat to the child's well-being, and so on. Not all reasons are bad. Adoption is one example of having parental rights terminated. When a family adopts a child the birth parents lose their parental rights and the adoptive parents gain them.
There are two ways to terminate parental rights: voluntarily or involuntarily. While some parents may willingly give up parental rights temporarily or permanently, many parents refuse to do so and courts have to get involved.
When getting a divorce or separating the court will make a decision based on what's best for the child. Being spiteful and getting revenge can only do harm and not good. If you're living in Peru and have registered your marriage in Peru, you should also register your divorce there. You may have to notarise, legalise, or apostillise documents. Contacting lawyers in Peru can help. If you don't understand Spanish, I highly recommend you start learning so that you can know what's going on when you go through these legal proceedings. Two programmes I recommend are Synergy Spanish and Fluent in 3 Months.
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